The data displayed for California and its 58 counties are from DataQuest, the California Department of Education’s (CDE) web-based data reporting tool, for the 2018-2019 school year and is disaggregated by race and ethnicity. In our analysis, we identify school suspension rates, chronic absenteeism rates, graduation rates, and UC/CSU readiness to best understand the relationship between student homelessness and various academic patterns. Data for these indicators were collected for students at the state, county, and district level. By focusing on data for students experiencing homelessness parallel to the total student population, we can highlight recurring differences in educational outcomes that these students are encountering. This data suggests that youth experiencing homelessness are at greater risk of experiencing negative educational outcomes. Students experiencing homelessness are more likely to be suspended and chronically absent. Students who experience homelessness are at greater risk of not graduating on time or meeting UC/CSU requirements upon graduating. Furthermore, according to the recent state audit, reported numbers on youth experiencing homelessness are much higher than currently reported.
About the Data
Cumulative Enrollment: Cumulative enrollment consists of the total number of unduplicated primary and short-term enrollments within the academic year (July 1 to June 30), regardless of whether the student is enrolled multiple times within a school or district. Cumulative enrollment is calculated at each reporting level (e.g., school, district, county, and state) and therefore is not necessarily additive from one reporting level to the next. For example, if a student is enrolled in multiple schools within a district during the academic year, they are counted once at each school, but only once in the district’s cumulative enrollment.
Homeless Student Cumulative Enrollment Rate: The percentage of students experiencing homelessness out of the total number of cumulative reported students for the level reported..
Suspension Rate: Suspension rates were used as the primary indicator for discipline. Suspension rate includes both in-school and out-of-school suspensions and is calculated by dividing unduplicated student suspensions by cumulative enrollment. The discipline data are submitted by local educational agencies (LEAs) and charter schools to the California Department of Education (CDE) as part of the annual End of Year 3 (EOY 3) data submission in the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System (CALPADS).
Chronic Absenteeism Rate: The unduplicated count of students determined to be chronically absent (Chronic Absenteeism Count) divided by the Chronic Absenteeism Eligible Enrollment at the selected entity for the selected population using the available filters. A student is considered to be chronically absent if they were eligible to be considered chronically absent during the selected academic year and they were absent for 10% or more of the days they were expected to attend. Beginning in 2016–17, the absenteeism data were submitted by local educational agencies (LEAs) and charter schools to the California Department of Education (CDE) as part of the annual End of Year 3 (EOY 3) data submission in the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System (CALPADS).
Graduation Data / UC/CSU Readiness Rates: Graduation data for this report displays the four-year adjusted cohort graduation rate (ACGR) by Race/Ethnicity or Program Subgroup for the selected year at the selected reporting level (state and county) and the number of graduates who met UC/CSU entrance requirements. The four-year ACGR is the number of students who graduate from high school in four years with a regular high school diploma divided by the number of students who form the adjusted cohort for the graduating class. Student UC/CSU readiness is those cohort graduates who a local educational agency determined met all the (a-g) requirements for admission to a University of California or California State University school.