Appendices

Appendix A: Methods

East Side Union High School District (ESUHSD), alongside the six other districts that were selected for these LCFF case studies, were selected through purposeful sampling, which calls for a sample from which most can be learned (Patton et al., 2015). In this case, we engaged in a process through which we identified a diverse set of school districts we should consider for this study. This included reaching out to several professional organizations that included the Association of California School Administrators (ACSA), California Teachers Association (CTA), California Collaborative for Educational Excellence, The California Endowment, and the CORE districts, among others. We then engaged in an initial research process to ensure diversity in contexts and initiatives. Some of the variables considered were district size, geography, implementation of LCFF, feasibility, potential to contribute to the field, and diversity in both the scope and theme of the district initiative to be studied. 

The research team analyzed a variety of district-produced documents including the LCAP, several board documents and resolutions, the district’s budget, student outcome data and a pre-visit survey completed by the district. The research team then conducted a two-day site visit to the district and various school sites within ESUHSD. We interviewed 72 stakeholders, including students, teachers, principals, district officials, union representatives, school board trustees and community members. Additionally, we attended and interviewed youth leaders at a district-held youth leadership event. The research team transcribed and analyzed all interviews, analyzed notes, and produced an in-depth case study, focused on youth leadership and LCFF. 

Table 1: Sample of Interviewees by Role
Education StakeholdersTotals (n=72)
Students37
Central District Office Staff12
Community Organization/District Partner Members10
Parents6
Principals/School Site Administrators6
Board Members1

Appendix B: District Profile

Table 2. District Schools by Type (EdData)
2017-182018-192019-20
Elementary School00N/A
Middle School00N/A
High School1111N/A
Alternative11N/A
Continuation44N/A
Charter1010N/A
Total2626N/A
Note. School type data for 2019-20 were not available at time of writing.
Table 3. District Student Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity during Study Years (California Department of Education, 2020)
2017-182018-192019-20
African American2.3%2.1%1.8%
627558478
American Indian or Alaska Native0.3%0.2%0.2%
825353
Asian32.4%32.7%32.7%
8,8338,6888,678
Filipino6.9%6.8%6.5%
1,8811,8071,725
Hispanic or Latinx50.8%50.5%51.2%
13,85013,41713,587
Pacific Islander0.5%0.5%0.6%
136133159
White4.9%4.9%4.8%
1,3361,3021,274
Two or More Races1.9%2.1%2.3%
518558610
Not Reported0.1%0.2%0.1%
275327
Total27,26326,56826,537
Note. Values represent counts and percentages of all students from the respective academic year.
Table 4. District Student Enrollment by Free or Reduced-Price Lunch (FRPL)-Eligibility, English Learner Status, and Foster Student Status during Study Years (California Department of Education, 2020)
2017-182018-192019-20
FRPL-Eligible53.4%49.7%47.8%
14,56013,21212,686
English Learner20.8%20.7%20.1%
5,6585,2885,339
Foster Student0.7%0.5%N/A
180125N/A
Note. Values represent counts and percentages of all students from the respective academic year. Foster Youth data for 2019-20 were not available at time of writing.
Table 5. District Teachers by Race/Ethnicity during Study Years (EdData)
2017-182018-192019-20
Black or African American3.8%3.5%N/A
4743
American Indian or Alaska Native0.6%0.6%N/A
87
Asian15.5%15.1%N/A
191185
Filipino5.9%5.9%N/A
7372
Hispanic or Latinx23.1%24.3%N/A
286297
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander0.5%0.3%N/A
64
White47.9%47.8%N/A
592585
Two or More Races0.8%1.0%N/A
1012
Not Reported1.9%1.5%N/A
2318
Total1,2361,223N/A
Note. Values represent counts and percentages of all teachers from the respective academic year. Data were not available for 2019-20 at time of writing.
Table 6. District General Fund Revenues by Category (EdData)
2017-182018-192019-20
LCFF Sources$224,061,119$238,525,405N/A
Federal Revenue$10,848,246$11,562,572N/A
Other State Revenue$26,077,181$38,131,201N/A
Other Local Revenue$11,188,962$10,399,550N/A
Total Revenues$272,175,508$298,618,729N/A

Appendix C: Californians For Justice Student Voice Continuum

Image credit: CFJ

Appendix D: District Student Governing Board