Appendix A: Data Related to Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and Other Relevant Health & Experimental Data

Figure 12.
Figure 13.
  1. Estimated percentage of women with a live birth for whom before age 14 it was somewhat or very often hard for their families to pay for basic needs like food or housing, by race/ethnicity (e.g., for an estimated 27.2% of Hispanic/Latina California women with a live birth in 2013-2014, it was somewhat or very often hard for the families in which they grew up to pay for basic needs like food or housing).

Family Hunger, by Race/Ethnicity (Maternal Retrospective; California Only). 2013-2014.
Info. Estimated percentage of women with a live birth who before age 14 lived in families in which they or a family member went hungry because the family could not afford enough food, by race/ethnicity (e.g., an estimated 13.3% of Hispanic/Latina California women with a live birth in 2013-2014 had lived in families in which they or a family member went hungry because the family could not afford enough food).
Findings: More Black families are impacted by food insecurity than any other racial and ethnic group. (18%)

Figure 14.

Prevalence of Childhood Hardships, by Race/Ethnicity (Maternal Retrospective; California Only). 2013-2014.
Info: Estimated percentage of women with a live birth who before age 14 experienced childhood hardships, by race/ethnicity (e.g., an estimated 7.4% of Hispanic/Latina California women with a live birth in 2013-2014 experienced four or more childhood hardships).
This indicator reports the prevalence of seven childhood hardships: (1) basic needs not met, (2) parental drinking or drug problem, (3) parental legal trouble or incarceration, (4) parental divorce or separation, (5) family hunger, (6) relocation due to problems paying rent or mortgage, (7) foster care placement.
Findings: Childhood hardships  (e.g. basic needs not met, parental substance abuse, hunger) are highest of 4 or more for Black students (12%) compared to other racial and ethnic groups.

Figure 15.
Source: Los Angeles County Department of Public Health